Archaeological Computing Research Group

Graeme Earl


I am a Senior Lecturer in the archaeological computing research group. I am interested in all aspects of multidisciplinary research practice, with a particular emphasis on interactions between cultural heritage and computation. My work is particularly concerned with the development and implementation of digital data capture techniques and multimedia resources for archaeology, including the uses of computer graphics, virtual reality and other techniques for the interpretation of archaeological sites and for providing access to dispersed data. I am chair of the Digital Economy University Strategic Research Group (USRG). My research is currently funded by grants from the AHRC, British Academy, EPSRC, JISC and University of Southampton.

My online presence

My publications in Mendeley My publications in Skype Me My website Follow my blog Follow me in Twitter

I am focused on inter- and multi-disciplinary research methods and their impact on academic practice. These are loosely structured around University-wide interests in interdisciplinary digital practice, at a more local level in the digital humanities and cultural heritage computing, and within the department of archaeology on archaeological computing. These three areas interact and I enjoy working across disciplines and indeed institutions.

At the University level I chair the Digital Economy University Strategic Research Group. This acts as a focus for research at Southampton within the range of the RCUK Digital Economy Theme and more broadly in the digital economy per se. I have been involved in several research projects associated with the DE USRG, most recently the Social Media in Supporting Live Events (SMiLE) project. Within the DE USRG I have also been managing a project to explore the possibilities for linked data syndication of project and other research information with partners such as, as part of the development of a blogging infrastructure for use across the University. The DE USRG has also enabled me to further my interests in open publication of research data and outputs, including contributions to the recent Changing Publication Cultures in the Humanities ESF manifesto.

I sit on the Web Science Doctoral Training Centre Steering Group. I also supervise a PhD in the WS DTC and Faculty of Humanities being undertaken by Terhi Nurmikko, focused on web science and cuneiform studies. This is co-supervised by Nick Gibbins in ECS and Jacob Dahl at the Faculty of Oriental Studies (Oxford). I co-supervised (with Kirk Martinez in ECS) Dr Leif Isaksen’s PhD – the first Web Science PhD to be awarded at the University of Southampton.

I am also a co-investigator on the JISC DataPool project. This project is developing cross-institution policy, training and infrastructure for managing and disseminating research data. I am also co-investigator on the RCUK DE PATINA project. This is exploring means of blending digital and physical forms of research practice, with implications for all academic practice. I am also co-investigator on a University Student Centeredness project which is developing means for disabled students to access fieldwork research projects using digital means. Case studies are currently drawn from geology, geography and archaeology but will be extended to support all fieldwork-intensive teaching activities. Finally, I am assisting on some other interest projects exploring interdisciplinary research practice and digital tools. These include the Smart Spaces project, via my involvement in e-Research South.

At a general level I have an interest in high performance computing applications and am a member of the Computational Modelling Group. Some of my interests in supercomputing and graphics were featured on a BBC broadcast and my team’s work at Catalhoyuk and Herculaneum was showcased at the Supercomputing 2010 and Supercomputing 2011 conferences. We are currently exploring supercomputing methods for physically accurate rendering.

Alongside visualisation I also have a growing interest in alternative modalities. In terms of acoustic rendering I am supervising Catriona Cooper’s PhD which will combine visualisation with auralisation of medieval environments. She has been supported in this by colleagues in ISVR and Music. Catriona and I are both involved in the AHRC Ways of Seeing the English Domestic Interior, 1500-1700 network that is employing digital technologies to examine medieval lived experience. In terms of haptic technologies I co-ordinated with Simon Coles (chemistry) part of the Create Your Campus project using multi-touch devices for education. This is one of several research interests in the area of digital pedagogy. I am involved with CITE and the JISC RedFeather project which is producing lightweight OER publication tools.

Digital Humanities:
Within the Faculty of Humanities I direct the sotonDH digital humanities hub. This brings together researchers from across the University with an interest in digital humanities. I have been involved in a number of digital humanities projects recently, with one prominent example being the AHRC Digital Equipment and Database Enhancement for Impact funded RTISAD project. This brought together researchers in computer science, archaeology, ancient documents, and imaging to develop and critique Reflectance Transformation Imaging in cultural heritage. More recently I have been involved in projects to explore the possibilities for 3d printing as a means to assist in humanities research, including a recent collaboration with artist and lecturer Ian Dawson.

I am co-convenor of the Curriculum Innovation Programme module on Digital Humanities. This draws heavily on sotonDH research activities. My involvement with the sotonDH hub has been supported by a range of institutional funding including a recent EPSRC Pathway to Impact award, and funding from the Student Centeredness budget for creating a Distributed Digital Humanities Laboratory. This is drawing together researchers and students from across the University into a set of shared digital and physical spaces.

My archaeological computing interests are loosely structured around computer graphics and simulation of the past, archaeological data acquisition technologies, archaeological data management and dissemination, and GIS technologies (including network analysis). This work all falls under the aegis of the Archaeological Computing Research Group.

My core archaeological research interest has always been in the capture and representation of three-dimensional computer representations of the past and of artefacts. My current computer graphic interests include supervision of Gareth Beale’s AHRC CDA PhD examining physical rendering and Roman statuary at Herculaneum, Konstantinos Papadopoulos’ PhD on the representation and simulation of three-dimensionality in archaeological fieldwork, and of Elizabeth De Gaetano’s PhD on the simulation of Roman Puteoli on the Bay of Naples. I am also advisor on Matthew Harrison’s AHRC funded PhD (supervised by Alison Gascoigne) which is exploring procedural modelling and other tools for analysing medieval Cairo. I have co-ordinated a series of computer graphic projects, all involving Grant Cox who is a 3d graphic artist in the ACRG. Grant is employed on the AHRC Portus Project which I co-direct. This touches on all of my research interests – survey and recording, simulation, dissemination, data archiving and so on and has provide a unique opportunity for longitudinal study of the use of these kinds of technology on a large-scale archaeological project.

I was an archaeological field surveyor for many years, using geophysical and other surveying tools. Now my interest lies primarily in building survey and object imaging. I am supervising Eleni Kotoula’s PhD which is examining the role of RTI and graphical tools in conservation imaging. I am also supervising James Miles’ PhD (assisted by Aykut Erkal, Bath) which is using a variety of survey methods as input to structural analysis of simulations of the Winchester Cathedral Close. James and I also work together on the AHRC Parnassus project which is examining flood and wind-driven rain risk to cultural heritage, in the light of climate change. James also acts as the archaeological liaison with the mu-Vis Centre, where we have been working on lots of archaeological CT-imaging, including several Roman coin hoards, human bone, a pump and archaeological sediments. I have also been interested in photographic methods of imaging and much of this involves my research assistant Hembo Pagi. Our group has a series of on-going collaborations centred on photographic imaging tools such as photogrammetry and RTI, with the most recent being a WUN funded project in Western Australia to record rock art and a project at the British Museum to image Hoa Hakananai'a.

Archaeological data management and dissemination is of great interest to me. This was at the heart of my role on the recent JISC IDMB project and I am interested in the possibilities of various digital tools such as Rich Interactive Narratives and projects such as eMob as a means to integrate data and publication. In this area I am supervising Angeliki Chrysanthi’s PhD, with assistance from colleagues in Psychology. This is examining the potential impact of augmented reality on archaeological site management and pathways. I am also supervising Eleonora Gandolfi’s PhD which is interested in the pedagogic value of mobile computing. Finally, I am supervising the RCUK DE funded PhD of Tom Frankland (with Enrico Costanza in ECS). This is examining the role of mobile devices in archaeological field practice, with a particular emphasis on disrupting hierarchies of knowledge.

I worked as a commercial GIS developer in the past and have used GIS tools for representation and analysis for many years. Recently this has included my supervision of Dr Katherine Robbins’ AHRC CDA PhD (with Roger Bland of the British Museum) focused on spatial and other biases in the Portable Antiquities Scheme Database. I have also had an interest in network analysis and network visualisation for a long time. This has been loosely focused around networks in Roman Spain and across the Mediterranean. Most recently this has incorporated the PhD research of Tom Brughmans and involved a collaboration with Microsoft Research. I am also very interested in the possibilities of network visualisation tools, particularly for understanding interdisciplinary collaborative environments.

Further details:
You can follow me on Twitter and Academia, find me on LinkedIn, and also read my contributions to the DE USRG, sotonDH and Archaeological Computing Research Group blogs.



Goodrick, Glyn and Earl, Graeme, Huggett, Jeremy and Ross, Seamus (eds.) (2004) A manufactured past: virtual reality in archaeology. Internet Archaeology, 15.


Cripps, Paul, Earl, Graeme and Wheatley, David (2006) A dwelling place in bits. Journal of Iberian Archaeology, 8, 25-39.


Keay, Simon, Earl, Graeme, Goiran, J.P., Bravard, J.P., Salomon, F, Kay, S, Ballantyne, R and Margritis, E (2009) La Delta du Tibre. Delta du Tibre. Campagne de carrotage 2008. Etude des canaux de Portus. Melanges de l'Ecole Francaise de Rome, 121, (1), 60-64.
Keay, S., Earl, G., Kay, S., Hay, S.A., Ogden, J. and Strutt, K.D. (2009) The role of integrated geophysical survey in the assessment of archaeological landscapes: the case of Portus. [in special issue: Integrated remote sensing techniques for archaeological prospection] Archaeological Prospection, 16, (3), 154-166. (doi:10.1002/arp.358).
Keay, Simon, Earl, Graeme, Hay, Sophie, Kay, Stephen, Ogden, Jessica and Strutt, Kristian (2009) The role of integrated geophysical survey methods in the assessment of archaeological landscapes: the case of Portus. Archaeological Prospection, 16, (3), 154-166. (doi:10.1002/arp.358).


Earl, Graeme, Martinez, Kirk and Malzbender, Tom (2010) Archaeological applications of polynomial texture mapping: analysis, conservation and representation. Journal of Archaeological Science, 37, (8), 2040-2050. (doi:10.1016/j.jas.2010.03.009).
Salomon, F. , Goiran, J.P., Bravard, J.P., Strutt, K., Keay, S., Earl, G.P., Paroli, L. and Kay, S. (2010) Chronique. Delta du Tibre. Campgane de carrotage 2009. L’example de Canale Romano. Mélanges de l'école française de Rome Antiquité, 123, (1), 263-267.


Earl, Graeme, Beale, Gareth, Pagi, Hembo and Smith, Nicole (2011) Reflectance transformation: an approach for imaging archaeological finds. The Archaeologist, (81), 36-37.
Keay, S. and Earl, G. (2011) Urban connectivity in Roman Baetica. Journal of Roman Archaeology (Submitted).


Brughmans, Tom, Keay, Simon and Earl, Graeme (2012) Complex networks in archaeology: urban connectivity in iron age and Roman southern Spain. Leonardo, 45, (3) (doi:10.1162/LEON_a_00373).
Takeda, K., Earl, G., Frey, J., Keay, S. and Wade, A. (2012) Enhancing research publications using Rich Interactive Narratives. Philosophical Transactions of The Royal Society A: Mathematical Physical and Engineering Sciences, 371, (1983), 20120090-20120090. (doi:10.1098/rsta.2012.0090).
Keay, Simon, Earl, Graeme, Felici, Fabrizio, Copeland, Penny, Cascino, Roberta, Kay, Stephen and Triantafillou, Christina (2012) Interim report on an enigmatic new Trajanic building at Portus. Journal of Roman Archaeology, 25, 486-512.


Earl, Graeme (2013) Modeling in archaeology: computer graphic and other digital pasts. Perspectives on Science, 21, (2), 226-244. (doi:10.1162/POSC_a_00096).

Book Section


Earl, Graeme and Wheatley, David (2002) Virtual reconstruction and the interpretative process: a case-study from Avebury. In, Wheatley, David, Earl, Graeme and Poppy, Sarah (eds.) Contemporary Themes in Archaeological Computing. Oxford, UK, Oxbow Books, 5-15.


Earl, G.P. (2004) Video killed engaging VR? Computer visualizations on the TV screen Graeme Earl. In, Smiles, Sam (ed.) Envisioning the Past: Archaeology and the Image. Malden, US, Oxford, GB, Wiley-Blackwell, 204-222. (New Interventions in Art History).


Earl, G.P. (2006) At the edges of the lens: photography, graphical constructions and cinematography. In, Daley, Patrick and Evans, Thomas L. (eds.) Digital Archaeology: Bridging Method and Theory. London, UK, Routledge, 191-209.
Keay, Simon and Earl, Graeme (2006) Inscriptions and social networks in western Baetica. In, Sartori, Antonio and Valvo, Alfredo (eds.) Hiberia Italia, Italia-Hiberia. Hiberia-Italia, Italia-Hiberia: Convegno Internazionale di Epigrafia e Storia Antica Milan, Italy, Cisalpino, 269-290. (Acta et Studia 2).
Keay, S.J. and Earl, G.P.E. (2006) Structuring of the provincial landscape: the towns of central and western Baetica in their geographical context. In, Cruz Andreotti, Gonzalo, Le Roux, Patrick and Moret, Pierre (eds.) La invención de una geografía de la Península Ibérica: II La época imperal. La invención de una geografía de la Península Ibérica II. La época imperial. Madrid, Spain, Casa de Velazquez, 305-358.
Earl, Graeme and Keay, Simon (2006) Urban connectivity of Iberian and Roman towns in southern Spain: a network analysis approach. In, Clark, Jeffrey (ed.) Computer Applications and Quantitative Methods in Archaeology, Proceedings of the 34th Conference, Fargo, North Dakota, SUA, March 2006. 34th Computer Applications and Quantitative Methods in Archaeology Conference London, UK, Archaeopress. (BAR International Series 1230). (In Press).


Earl, Graeme Peter (2007) De/construction sites: Romans and the digital playground. In, Bowen, Jonathan, Keene, Suzanne and MacDonald, Lindsay (eds.) Proceedings of the Electronic Visualisation and the Arts London 2007 Conference held at the London College of Communication, University of the Arts London 11-13 July 2007. EVA London 2007, London College of Communication University of the Arts Hampton Hill, UK, EVA Conferences International, 1-11.
Glazier, D., Whitewright, J. and Earl, G.P. (2007) The topographic and geophysical survey. In, Peacock, David and Blue, L.K. (eds.) The Ancient Red Sea Port of Adulis, Eritrea Report of the Eritro-British Expedition, 2004-5. Oxford, GB, Oxbow Books, 19-32.


Earl, G.P., Keay, S. and Beale, G. (2008) Computer graphic modelling at Portus: analysis, reconstruction and representation of the Claudian and Trajanic harbours. In, Lasaponara, R. and Masini , N. (eds.) Advances on Remote Sensing for Archaeology and Cultural Heritage Management. 1st International EARSeL Workshop CNR Rome, IT, Consiglio Nazionale di Ricerca, 165-172.
Keay, S., Earl, G., Hay, S.A., Ogden, J. Steven and Strutt, K.D. (2008) The potential of archaeological geophysics: the work of the British School at Rome in Italy. In, Orlando, L. (ed.) Geofisica per L’Archeologia: Possibilità e Limiti. Atti del Convegno Roma 10 Dicembre 2008. Geofisica per l’Archeologia: Possibilità e Limiti Rome, IT, Società Geologica Italiana, 25-45.


Ogden, Jessica, Strutt, Kristian, Keay, Simon, Earl, Graeme and Kay, Stephen (2010) Geophysical prospection at Portus: an evaluation of an integrated approach to interpreting subsurface archaeological features. In, Proceedings of the 37th Computer Applications to Archaeology Conference (CAA 2009). 37th Computer Applications to Archaeology Conference (CAA 2009) Williamsburg, US, Colonial Williamsburg Foundation, 1-17.
Isaksen, Leif, Earl, Graeme, Martinez, Kirk, Keay, Simon and Gibbins, Nicholas (2010) Linking archaeological data. In, Frischer, Bernard and Fischer, Lisa (eds.) Proceedings of Computer Applications and Quantitative Methods in Archaeology. CAA 2009 : 37th Annual International Conference on Computer Applications and Quantitative Methods in Archaeology , Computer Applications and Quantitative Methods in Archaeology.


Earl, G., Beale, G. and Keay, S. (2011) Archaeological computing on Portus Project. In, Keay, Simon and Paroli, L. (eds.) Portus and its Hinterland: Recent Archaeological Research. Rome, IT, British School at Rome, 101-126. (Archaeological Monographs of the British School at Rome, 18).
Frankland, Tom and Earl, Graeme (2011) Authority and authenticity in future archaeological visualisation. In, Proceedings of Ads-Vis2011: Making Visible the Invisible: Art, Design and Science in Data Visualisation. Ads-Vis2011: Making Visible the Invisible: Art, Design and Science in Data Visualisation , University of Huddersfield. (In Press).
Earl, Graeme, Isaksen, Leif, Keay, Simon, Brughmans, Tom and Potts, David (2011) Computational methods on the Roman port networks. In, Keay, Simon (ed.) Rome, Portus and the Mediterranean. London, GB, British School at Rome Press. (In Press).
Earl, Graeme, Isaksen, Leif, Keay, Simon, Brughmans, Tom and Potts, David (2011) Computational methods on the Roman port networks project. In, Keay, Simon (ed.) Portus and Roman Port Networks. London, GB, British School at Rome. (Monograph of the British School at Rome). (In Press).
Isaksen, Leif, Martinez, Kirk, Earl, Graeme, Gibbins, Nicholas and Keay, Simon (2011) Interoperate with whom? Archaeology, formality and the semantic web. In, Proceedings of Computer Applications and Quantitative Methods in Archaeology. Computer Applications and Quantitative Methods in Archaeology 2010 , Computer Applications and Quantitative Methods in Archaeology. (In Press).
Earl, G., Basford, P. J., Bischoff, A. S., Bowman, A., Crowther, C., Dahl, J., Hodgson, M., Martinez, K., Isaksen, L., Pagi, H., Piquette, K. E. and Kotoula, E. (2011) Reflectance transformation imaging systems for ancient documentary artefacts. In, Bowen , Jonathan P., Dunn, Stuart and Ng , Kia (eds.) EVA London 2011: Electronic Visualisation and the Arts. EVA 2011: Electronic Visualisation and the Arts , BCS.
Isaksen, Leif, Earl, Graeme and Keay, Simon (2011) Towns and road networks in southern Spain during the Iberian and roman periods. In, Mayoral, Victorino (ed.) Proceedings of the 5th Merida Symposium on Archaeology. 5th Merida Symposium on Archaeology , Merida Symposium on Archaeology, 617-630.
Keay, Simon and Earl, Graeme (2011) Towns and territories in Roman Baetica. In, Bowman, Alan and Wilson, Andrew (eds.) Settlement, Urbanization, and Population. Oxford, GB, Oxford University Press, 276-316. (Oxford Studies on the Roman Economy).


Keay, Simon, Earl, Graeme, Beale, Gareth, Davis, Nathan, Ogden, Jessica and Strutt, Kristian D. (2012) Challenges of port landscapes: integrating geophysics, open area excavation and computer graphic visualisation at Portus and the Isola Sacra. In, Johnson, Paul and Millett, Martin (eds.) Archaeological Survey and the City. Oxford, GB, Oxbow. (University of Cambridge Museum of Classical Archaeology Monographs, 2).
Brughmans, Tom, Keay, Simon and Earl, Graeme (2012) Complex networks in archaeology: urban connectivity in iron age and Roman southern Spain. In, Schich, Maximilian, Malina, Roger and Meirelles, Isabel (eds.) Arts, Humanities, and Complex Networks. Arts, Humanities, and Complex Networks — 2nd Leonardo satellite symposium at NetSci201 , Massachusetts Institute of Technology Press. (In Press).
Brughmans, Tom, Isaksen, Leif and Earl, Graeme (2012) Connecting the dots: an introduction to critical approaches in archaeological network analysis. In, Zhou, M, Romanowska, Izabela, Wu, Z, Xu, P and Verhagen, Philip (eds.) Revive the Past: Proceedings of the 39th Conference on Computer Applications and Quantitative Methods in Archaeology. Revive the Past: 39th Annual Conference of Computer Applications and Quantitative Methods in Archaeology , Amsterdam University Press. (In Press).
Bridgman, Rebecca and Earl, Graeme (2012) Experiencing lustre: polynomial texture mapping of medieval pottery at the Fitzwilliam Museum. In, Matthews, Roger, Curtis, John, Symour, Michael, Fletcher, Alexandra, Gascoigne, Alison, Glatz, Claudia, Simpson, St. John, Taylor, Helen, Tubb, Jonathan and Chapman, Rupert (eds.) Proceedings of the 7th International Congress of the Archaeology of the Ancient Near East (7th ICAANE). [Vol.2] Ancient & Modern Issues in Cultural Heritage. Colour & Light in Architecture, Art & Material Culture. Islamic Archeology. 7th International Congress on the Archaeology of the Ancient Near East , Harrasowitz, 497-512. (Proceedings of the International Congress on the Archaeology of the Ancient Near East, 7).
Papadopoulos, Constantinos and Earl, Graeme (2012) Formal three-dimensional computational analyses of archaeological spaces. In, Spatial Analysis in Past Built Spaces. Spatial Analysis in Built Spaces: an Interdisciplinary and International Workshop , TOPOI. (In Press).
Keay, S., Earl, G.P., Ogden, J., Strutt, K. and Davis, N. (2012) Geophysical survey and the Portus Project. In, Millett, M. and Johnson , P. (eds.) Archaeological Survey and the City Revisited. Cambridge, GB, The MacDonald Institute.
Keay, S., Earl, G.P. and Felici, F. (2012) Recent excavations in the Palazzo Imperiale at Portus (2007-2010). In, Keay, S. and Paroli, L. (eds.) Portus and its Hinterland: Recent Archaeological Research. Rome, IT, British School in Rome. (Archaeological Monographs of the British School at Rome). (In Press).


Earl, Graeme, Porcelli, Vito, Papadopoulos, Constantinos, Beale, Gareth, Harrison, Matthew, Pagi, Hembo and Keay, Simon (2013) Formal and informal analysis of rendered space: the basilica Portuense. In, Bevan, Andrew and Lake, Mark (eds.) Computational Approaches to Archaeological Spaces. Walnut Creek, US, Left Coast Press, 265-305.

Conference or Workshop Item


Earl, Graeme (2005) Texture viewsheds: spatial summaries of built archaeological spaces derived from global light mapping. In, The 11th International Conference on Virtual Systems and Multimedia (VSMM), Ghent, Belgium, 03 - 07 Oct 2005.


Keay, Simon, Hay, S.A., Earl, Graeme, Strutt, K.D., Ogden, J. and Kay, S. (2008) The potential of archaeological geophysics: the work of the British School at Rome in Italy. In, Geofisica per l’Archeologia: Possibilita e Limiti, Rome, Italy, 10 Dec 2008. 19pp.


Isaksen, Leif, Martinez, Kirk and Earl, Graeme (2009) Archaeology, formality & the CIDOC CRM. In, Interconnected Data Worlds: Workshop on the Implementation of the CIDOC-CRM, Berlin, Germany, 23 - 24 Nov 2009. 24pp.
Earl, Graeme (2009) Evaluating Gismondi's representation of Portus, the port of imperial Rome. At Arqueologica 2.0, Seville, Spain, 16 - 19 Jun 2009.
Earl, Graeme (2009) Physical and photo-realism: the Herculaneum Amazon. In, Arqueologica 2.0, Seville, Spain, 16 - 19 Jun 2009. (In Press).
Earl, Graeme, Beale, Gareth, Happa, Jassim, Williams, Mark, Turley, Glen, Martinez, Kirk and Chalmers, Alan (2009) A re-painted amazon. In, EVA 2009, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, GB, 06 - 08 Jul 2009. 10pp.
Papadopoulos, Constantinos and Earl, Graeme (2009) Structural and lighting models for the Minoan Cemetery at Phourni, Crete. In, The 10th International Symposium on Virtual Reality, Archaeology and Cultural Heritage VAST (2009), 22 - 25 Sep 2009. Eurographics Association, 57-64. (doi:10.2312/VAST/VAST09/057-064).


Takeda, Kenji, Brown, Mark, Coles, Simon, Carr, Les, Earl, Graeme, Frey, Jeremy, Hancock, Peter, White, Wendy, Nichols, Fiona, Whitton, Michael, Gibbs, Harry, Fowler, Christine, Wake, Pam and Patterson, Steve (2010) Data management for all: the Institutional Data Management Blueprint Project. In, 6th International Digital Curation Conference, Chicago, US, 12pp.
Isaksen, Leif, Martinez, Kirk, Gibbins, Nicholas, Earl, Graeme and Keay, Simon (2010) Interoperate with whom? formality, archaeology and the semantic web. At Web Science Conference 2010 (WebSci10), Raleigh, US, 26 - 27 Apr 2010. 1pp.
Chrysanthi, Angeliki and Earl, Graeme (2010) Management of archaeological walks and emerging technologies: building up a framework. In, Computer Applications and Quantitative Methods in Archaeology 2010 (CAA 20010), Granada, ES, 06 - 09 Apr 2010. 5pp.
Earl, Graeme, Beale, Gareth, Martinez, Kirk and Pagi, Hembo (2010) Polynomial texture mapping and related imaging technologies for the recording, analysis and presentation of archaeological materials. In, ISPRS Commission V Midterm Symposium, Newcastle, UK, 6pp.
Mudg, M., Schroer, C., Earl, G., Martinez, K, Pagi, H., Toler-Franklin, C., Rusinkiewicz, S., Palma, G., Wachowiak, M., Ashey, M., Mathews, N, Noble, T. and Dellepian, M. (2010) Principles and practices of robust, photography-based digital imaging techniques for museums. In, 11th VAST International Symposium on Virtual Reality, Archaeology and Cultural Heritage, Paris, FR, 21 - 24 Sep 2010.


Harris, Lisa, Earl, Graeme, Beale, Nicole, Phethean, Christopher and Brughmans, Tom (2012) Building personal learning networks through event-based social media: a case study of the SMiLE project. In, Personal Learning Environment (PLE) Conference, Alveiro, 11 - 13 Jul 2012.
Nurmikko, Terhi, Dahl, Jacob, Gibbins, Nicholas and Earl, Graeme (2012) Citizen science for cuneiform studies. In, ACM Web Science 2012, Evanston, US, 6pp.
Jewell, Michael O., Costanza, Enrico, Frankland, Tom, Earl, Graeme and Moreau, Luc (2012) The Xeros data model: tracking interpretations of archaeological finds. In, IPAW 2012 - 4th International Provenance and Annotation Workshop, Santa Barbara, US, 18 - 22 Jun 2012. 14pp. (doi:10.1007/978-3-642-34222-6_11).


Harris, Lisa, Costa, Cristina, Harvey, Fiona and Earl, G. (2013) Curriculum innovation: living and working on the web. In, Enhancement and Innovation in Higher Education, Glasgow, GB,
Byatt, Dorothy, Beale, Gareth, Hitchcock, Steve, Pagi, Hembo, Scott, Mark, Cox, Simon J., Earl, Graeme and White, Wendy (2013) Working collaboratively with PhD and early career researchers: agents for change. At 8th International Digital Curation Conference "Infrastructure, Intelligence, Innovation: Driving the Data Science Agenda", Amsterdam, NL, 14 - 16 Jan 2013. 1pp.



Earl, Graeme, White, Wendy and Wake, Pam (2011) IDMB archaeology case study: Summary. Southampton, GB, University of Southampton, 12pp.
Keay, S., Earl, G. and Felici, F. (2011) Portus I. The excavations. Rome, IT, British School at Rome (Archaeological Monograph of the British School at Rome). (Submitted)


Keay, S., Earl, G., Ogden, J. and Strutt, K. (2012) Portus 3. The topography and geophysical survey. , British School at Rome (Archaeological Monograph of the British School at Rome). (Submitted)